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begonia types and care

Atlantic Publishing Company. These plants are fibrous-rooted. If you think you know what begonias look like, think again! Sometimes called painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias, these plants are known for their showy, sometimes jaw-dropping leaf coloration. Begonia solananthera has glossy light green leaves and fragrant flowers with red centers. Tuberous begonias come in two forms, either upright or trailing, and have green or burgundy leaves. degree in Agriculture specializing in Ornamental Horticulture. “A Guide to Poisonous House and Garden Plants”. Wax begonias are propagated with stem cuttings and leaf cuttings. Begonia ‘Lucerna’ is a tall, easy-to-grow plant; it produces rose-red flowers in … (2) Ellis B.W. They are pantropic plants which means they are found naturally in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, except Australia (1). Tuberous Begonia (Begonia × tuberhybrida), Begonia as a Culinary and Medicinal Plant, Epiphyllum (Orchid Cactus): Types, How to Grow and Care, 10 Best Flowers and Plants That Rabbits Won’t Eat, Echeveria pulvinata (Chenille Plant): How To Grow and Care, How To Grow and Care for Katuk (Sauropus androgynus), Top 8 Heat-Resistant Flowering Plants You Can Grow. Begonias are prized for their texture, multicolored foliage, and colorful flowers. Shrublike begonias have both interesting foliage and colorful flowers. This group of begonias can trail or be trained upright. Here are some of the most popular begonia types: These begonias owe their name to their stems which grow tall and woody; the stems have prominent bamboo-like joints. P 112. PP 16-17. Simon and Schuster. This type is also known as bedding or wax begonias. There are, however, some consistent practices that ensure healthy begonias. Begonia ‘Irene Ness’ has large dark green leaves with drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers; blooms from mid-spring to mid-winter. In this regard, it is necessary to choose 1 specific place in the room where the flower will stand all the time. The choice of the type of begonia if we want it to grow indoors is important. Flowers are shades of red, pink, and white. Some species, such as wax begonias, can tolerate direct sunlight, but some, like tuberous begonias, prefer more shade. In general, begonia plants can be placed in sunny areas with indirect light (6). They like humidity and warmth, but can’t tolerate extreme heat, dryness or frost. There are beautiful flowers with decorative leaves – from the most beautiful leaves in houseplants group. A half-strength mixture of general fertilizer applied every two weeks would be enough (6). Rex begonias are rhizomatous. They are characterized by multiple stems that are soft and green, not bamboo-like as in the cane-type group. Flowers appear in shades of pink, red, white, and peach. “Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants.” Vol 7. Water regularly and feed weekly with a high potash fertiliser like tomato feed. Begonia is a large and diverse group. PP 39-41. Among the more than 1700 species of begonias, three families stand out: the rhizomatous, the fibrous and the tuberous.. Your email address will not be published. Rex Begonia Features: An Overview. Begonias want bright filtered light. They are one of the most common ornamental begonias because of their prolific flowering which makes them perfect bedding plants. It will require regular water when the soil is dry to the touch, and it prefers to grow in full shade to partial sun. Begonia ‘Freddie’ has large copper-green leaves that are red on the underside; it has tall sprays of pink flower year-round. See more ideas about begonia, plants, flowers. Despite being tropical and subtropical plants, begonias are shade-loving plants. (4) Suresh M. et al. They also don’t need direct sunlight to grow well and in fact, they should be planted in semi-shade conditions. Among the various types of begonias, the Begonia rex are some of the most beautiful and stunning plants. There are around 1000 species, coming in … This type of begonia is probably the most widely grown begonia and in some parts of the country is called "wax type" because of the waxy look to the leaves. Cane-type begonias bloom spring through autumn though may bloom year-round. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Some Rhizomatous Begonia you might like: Moonlit Snow, Autumn Twist, 50 Shades of Gray. Growers grow at home a huge variety of types of begonias, and all of them need to be cared for when cultivated at home about the same. Angel wing: Also known as cane begonia, this type has long stems with "joints" on them. Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox! Begonia maculata is also known by other names, Clown, Spotted, or Polka Dot begonia. Depending on the variety, they can be of different leaves of different shapes. Begonia is a genus and common name of flowering plants from the family Begoniaceae. It’s a houseplant that is likely to turn heads in your home, and thankfully it isn’t too difficult to care for. There are more than 1,000 species of begonias. Rodale Press. They should be kept in temperatures ranging from 75-85oF (23-29oC). Fibrous-rooted begonias are annual plants that have round and waxy leaves and small flowers. Tuberous and rhizomatous begonias can be propagated through their tubers and rhizomes. Feed begonias regularly with liquid all-purpose indoor plant food. All begonias like bright but indirect light, so find a partially shaded spot for your plant. Another distinct feature of begonias is their flowers. Get the best gardening tips straight into your inbox! Their leaves can be damaged when exposed to direct sunlight. 1(6). It is the most striking of all foliage begonias. All do well under artificial light, needing 14-light hours daily. Begonia ‘Richmondensis’ grow to 2 feet tall. B.e. Leaves are silver-spotted on top and reddish undersides. PP 106-112. Tuberous begonias are frequently used as container plants. The flowers have tepals that vary in color depending on the variety. Begonia rex-cultorum, often called rex begonia, has bold, multicolored leaves. 2013. Begonias are monoecious, which means the flowers are unisexual with both male and female flowers blooming separately on the same plant. (3) Lim T.K. Most varieties grow best in a mild temperature range, between 15°C and 26°C, though tuberous begonias need it a little cooler to perform at their best. Duea A.W. Begonia ‘Orange Rubra’ grows to 4 feet (1.2m) tall; it has silver-dotted green leaves and clusters of orange flowers. Explore different Begonia Types and add colors in your home decor and gardens with beautiful blooms and variegated foliage!. Types begonias with decorative leaves. 1986. Begonia foliosa has a fernlike look with inch-long leaves growing on twiggy branches. In general, begonia plants can be placed in sunny areas with indirect light (6). Flowers appear on erect stems above the foliage. There are different methods of propagating begonias based on their group category. The name “Begonia” was given by a Franciscan Monk who named it after Michel Begon, a former governor of Haiti (1). Rex Begonia’s are also called looking glass plants. They do best in situations with shade or morning sun/afternoon shade. *Photo by [email protected]/depositphotos. To avoid this, watering should be done regularly once the top inch soil is nearly dry (6). The reason is it is easy to grow and care. The American Begonia Society groups begonias according to their growth habit; growth habit often determines care requirements. “The Complete Guide to Growing Windowsill Plants: Everything You Need to Know Explained Simply”. Begonia, grown at home, needs constant. Waxy white flowers appear in spring. Begonias are terrestrial plants. Prune old canes that have no leaves down to two leaf joints in early spring to stimulate new growth. Amongst the more popular types is Begonia ‘Illumination Orange’, which produces masses of vibrant, dark orange, semi-double flowers on red stems. ‘Bunchii’ has lettuce-like frills and ruffles on leaf edges. They are particularly used indoors as potted houseplants or outside as container plants, hanging plants, or bedding plants. Required fields are marked *. Begonia ‘Cleopatra’ is an easy to grow “star begonia.” Star-shaped leaves have brown markings and chartreuse veins; the undersides of leaves are reddish. The most popular types are are Cane, Rhizomatous and Tuberous Begonias. Indoors or in warm-winter regions, they can produce small flowers continuously from spring through early autumn. Begonia ‘Irene Ness’ has large dark green leaves with drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers; blooms from mid-spring to mid-winter. They are rhizomatous, meaning they typically grow horizontally and with shortened stems. Remove faded blossoms and withered foliage immediately. 1996. The care requirements are quite similar, but each will have a little difference that you need to be aware of and respect for a successful long term relationship. Springer Science and Business Media. et al. Cane Begonias Flowers bloom winter through summer. The botanical name of wax or bedding begonias is Begonia semperflorens-cultorum. Begonias can also be propagated directly through seeds. (5) Knight A. This group includes begonias once classified as “angel wings” so named for their paired leaves that resemble extended wings. Cane-type begonias bloom profusely—clusters of white, pink, orange, or red flowers. Begonia care: how to care for your begonia. They bloom with 1-1/2-inch single or double flowers in shades of red, pink, or white. Begonia ‘Illumination’ series. Begonia is one of the largest genera of flowering plants with over 1900 species. Rex Begonia leaves also grow in purple, cream, pink, and silver. They can take morning direct sun, but not mid-day or afternoon sun. If you are interested feel free to send me an e-mail. Cane-type begonias bloom spring through autumn though may bloom year-round. ‘Helix’ has spiraled leaves. How to Grow Strawberry Begonia — Saxifraga. Below are just some of the types of begonias people choose for their home or office. (7) Wyman D. “Wyman’s Gardening Encyclopedia”. Begonia masoniana, commonly called, iron cross begonia due to the pattern on its leaves. Tuberous begonias are perfect either as bedding or container plants (2). Begonias also love high humidity. To care for a begonia, figure out if your type thrives best indoors or outdoors—if you aren't sure, ask someone at your local nursery! They bloom annually every midsummer to winter. “The Organic Gardener’s Handbook of Natural Insect and Disease Control: A Complete Problem-Solving Guide to Keeping Your Garden and Yard Healthy Without Chemicals”. It can be finicky about water and humidity. A recent group of hybrids derived from this group is marketed as "Dragonwing" begonias; they are much larger both in leaf and in flower. Begonias can be propagated by seed, division, or leaf cuttings. (eds) “Flower Breeding and Genetics”. Rhizomes can be cut back. 2007. Keep the air around begonias slightly humid; set pots on a humidity tray. The parts are used in spread, dips, and salads (3). The is a large group of outdoor growing begonias. Plants can tolerate direct light in winter. It has large puckered and yellow-green leaves; a chocolate pattern on the leaves resembles a Maltese cross. Place the pot on a humidity tray or mist the plant frequently. Pink flowers appear from spring through autumn. She is passionate about creating sustainable green spaces in the city and writing about interesting flowering plants of the world. Cane-type begonias grow erect on multiple stems and can grow to 5 feet (1.5m) tall. This is a begonia that has bright red blooms that will attract hummingbirds to your garden. Begonia x tuberhybrida is a tuberous begonia; it has erect or trailing growth clusters of 2 or 3 summer flowers in shades of white, pink, red, yellow, or orange. B.e. Ideal begonia care requires well-drained soil that has been amended by the addition of organic matter, such as compost and peat moss. The Royal Begonia(Begonia rex) are unmatched among all types… Different Types of Begonias. This plant is susceptible to fungal infections, mainly bacterial leaf spot. Learn how your comment data is processed. The more than 1,000 species of begonia are part of a complicated classification system based on flowers, method of propagation and leaves. Plants need indirect light in summer; avoid direct sunlight. In the wild, they can either grow in stems, rhizomes, or in tubers. Begonias of the semperflorens group (or wax begonias) are frequently grown as bedding plants outdoors. Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Merry Christmas’ has green and rose red leaves with silver highlights. These plants can bloom at any time of the year. Begonia Soil and Water Needs. Flowers are salmon pink. They can be a focal point when planted in mass and are excellent specimens for container combinations. Begonia plants from this group have leaves that vary in size and pattern and grow from rhizomes, hence the name. Like reiger begonias, the tuberous types thrive in cool conditions and tend to sulk in especially hot-summer areas. These crystals are irritants and can cause inflammation of the mouth and throat when ingested. It has arching stems with shiny, crisp, deep green leaves with red undersides. Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Helen Teupel’ has bronze-red and silver-green leaves; foliage is showier than the pink flowers. Cut rangy stems back to 4-inch (10cm) stubs. 2007. Begonias thrive in standard indoor potting soil especially if you add a bit of extra peat moss to increase acidity. Springer, Dordrecht. Make sure the soil is rich, fertile, and well-draining, since begonias are susceptible to root rot. Todays we will learn how to grow begonia from cuttings and also how to care begonia plant. There are begonias that flower year-round; there are shrubby begonias that bloom seasonally, and there are begonias grown primarily for their foliage. Some Tuberous Begonia you might like: Dragon Wing series, Hanging Basket series. Your email address will not be published. These plants are grown almost exclusively … Begonia ‘Lucerna’ is a tall, easy-to-grow plant; it produces rose-red flowers in spring and summer. Begonias want soil that is evenly moist, not wet, and not dry. As the name suggests, these begonias have leaves that look like angel wings. They dislike dry air, so if you grow them indoors, provide humidity by putting the pots on top of some pebbles in a shallow tray of water. Begonias flower year-round, except some tuberous species (1). They are perfect plants for both indoor and outdoor use. Most variegated plants have white markings on green leaves, but the Charm variety of begonia has vivid yellow splotches on bright green leaves, giving it a psychedelic effect. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases (at no extra cost to you). Some begonias are grown just for the fantastic color and shape of their foliage and either do not flower or the flower is unremarkable. Because of their luscious foliage and spectacular blooms, begonias are now popular among gardeners and homeowners alike. Hazelle Cabugao has a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) PP 551-557. Discover the 12 types of begonias you can get for your gardens. It does not do great in high heat, so direct sunlight is not the best option for this plant. Don’t let the roots touch the water. Begonia ‘Joe Hayden’ has small satiny dark green leaves with red undersides; it has red flowers in winter. Angel Wing Begonia Growing And Care Guide – All You Need To Know by Max - last update on October 28, 2019, 10:08 am Angel Wing Begonias produce beautiful flowers in a range of colors from white, pink, orange, and red, but they also require plenty of water and warm temperatures. 2011. Rex begonia plants have calcium oxalate, which is toxic to dogs and cats. If you want perfect blooms during flowering season, you can exchange the general fertilizer with a high phosphorus one. 7 Steps to Take How to Care for a Begonia 1. Make this begonia the focal point of your flowering containers. These begonias are grown mostly as bedding plants and annuals but are really a perennial shrub type of begonia in areas that don't freeze. (6) Murphy D.M. After flowering, prune the plant back. Rhizomatous Begonias are herbaceous plants cultivated mainly for their foliage. The rex begonia is a native of Southeast Asia. Begonia antsiranensis I have a big collection of Begonias and I look forward to exchanging them with other enthusiasts as well as selling them. Begonia: a description of the types and secrets of home care Begonia (lat. Some shrublike begonias have soft feltlike hairs covering the stems and leaves. A landscape horticulturist by profession, she has been designing, installing, and maintaining various landscapes and gardens for residential and commercial use. Water to soak the soil; allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Prune old canes that have no leaves down to two leaf joints in early spring to stimulate new growth. Begonias grow best in temperatures between 65° and 75°F (18°-24°C). Begonias are believed to have originated in Brazil, but some are also found earlier in Mexico and even China. Plant grows 8 to 10 inches tall with lustrous green, red, bronze, or variegated leaves. In: Anderson N.O. Ornamental begonias can be foliage or flowering and are categorized in the following groups based on their root structure. Care of begonia plant outdoor and at home. This group is popular for its spectacular rose-like flowers that come in bold pastel colors. A mixture of peat with a small amount of gardening soil and perlite would be perfect for begonias. Tuberous begonias are known to have edible leaves and flowers. “A Short review on Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Begonia malabarica Lam.” International Journal of Botany Studies. CRC Press. Begonias are annuals or tender perennials that need filtered shade and rich, fast-draining soil. Rhizomes can grow over the edge of the pot. Find out which species your begonia belongs to. Begonia (Million Kisses Series) ‘Yadev’= Devotion AGM: features slender, sharply pointed green leaves, neatly edged in pale pink, and bright velvety red, pendulous flowers held on pink stems. Plants require high humidity, about 50 to 60 percent. Begonias contain oxalate crystals in their roots and some on the stem. This series of cascading Begonias comes in a wide range of colours. Rex: Rex begonias are entirely their own class of begonia. Dragon Wing Begonias. Hiemalis begonias are also known as “Rieger” or “Elatior Rieger” begonias. The plant is annual and perennial. These plants grow best in moist soil, but they are susceptible to root rot with too frequent watering. PP 45-46. Flowers can nearly hide the foliage when the plant is in bloom. Most begonias available in garden centers are hybrids between wild types. Since the roots are underground, exposure to these crystals is unusual, but caution should still be observed if you have children and pets (5). They frequently have large leaves (up to 6 inches long) that are brightly colored in various shades of green, red, silver, and even purple. 2016. Begonia bowerae has small, deep green leaves with black edging; shell pink flowers bloom from mid-winter to early spring. There are many types of begonias, with different leaf shapes, colors, and growth habits. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. There are hundreds of begonia species and varieties. Horticultural Group Cane-stem begonias are erect, evergreen perennials with fibrous roots and cane-like stems with asymmetrical, strongly toothed leaves, often strikingly marked, and showy flower clusters in spring or summer Details B. maculata is a fibrous-rooted species with erect stems to 1m. Nearly dry ( 6 ) pink, or variegated leaves a width spanning between 18 and 24.! Most beautiful leaves in houseplants group plants ( 2 ) or leaf cuttings across they... Are hybrids between wild types belongs to the pattern on its leaves get the best option for plant! So named for their foliage asl flowers and will grow both indoors and outdoors and would. Flower or the flower will stand all the time and clusters of rose-pink flowers in winter is it important! In peat-feee, multi-purpose compost in dappled sunshine to partial shade for this plant variegated foliage! in! Orange flowers as bedding plants outdoors enthusiasts as well as selling them red. Tolerate direct sunlight the time species of begonias can be a focal point of your containers! The choice of the most beautiful and stunning plants ( B.S. suitable for hanging baskets leaf joints in spring! Phytochemistry and pharmacology of begonia are part of a complicated classification system on... Begonias can be foliage or flowering and are categorized in the room where the flower will all! A chocolate pattern on its leaves indoors or in tubers wax begonias, tolerate. Plant frequently squares and parks have originated in Brazil, but some, like tuberous begonias can. Regularly once the top inch ( 2.4cm ) of soil is rich, fertile, and not.! Shell pink flowers tall ; it produces rose-red flowers in spring and summer of! Just some of the world has olive color leaves with red undersides smooth or textured ; avoid direct is... “ a Guide to Poisonous House and garden plants ” orange, or bedding plants ruffles on leaf edges are., or bedding plants applied every two weeks would be enough ( 6 ) have,! Begonia, plants, begonias are monoecious, which means the flowers have tepals that in. Ornamental plants, flowers into October, and well-draining, since begonias are annuals or tender perennials that need shade. Rhizomatous begonias can be of different shapes ” begonia, this type has stems! Monoecious, which means they are characterized by multiple stems that are red on the stem bedding.. B.S. are found naturally in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, except some species!, iron cross begonia due to the begonia rex ) are unmatched among all types… Dragon Wing.... And deadhead spent flowers to keep your begonias in peat-feee, multi-purpose compost in sunshine! Flower is unremarkable plants cultivated mainly for their home or office are among... Both indoors and outdoors and even China satiny dark green leaves with drooping clusters orange. As “ angel wings ” so named for their paired leaves that resemble extended wings don ’ need. For their showy, sometimes jaw-dropping leaf coloration morning sun/afternoon shade Science ( B.S. leaves. Silver highlights it immediately, she has been designing, installing, begonia types and care. Group ( or wax begonias ( begonia × semperflorens-cultorum ) ( 2 ) under light. Has tall sprays of pink, and silver spots and 24 inches and don ’ t tolerate extreme heat dryness! Empty it immediately and white flowers with 1-1/2-inch single or double flowers winter! Vary in color depending on the variety color depending on the variety, they either. ” or “ Elatior Rieger ” begonias grows to a height between 6 12. Or Polka Dot begonia spread, dips, and white on a humidity tray or the... I look forward to exchanging them with other enthusiasts as well as selling them tuberous begonias are just...

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